August 6, 2008

syringe

 

Non-Core Vaccinations
Bordatella bronchiseptica (Kennel Cough)
Bordatella is another component of the syndrome known as Kennel Cough, and should be administered to high risk dogs.  This consists of dogs being boarded or attending puppy classes, and many facilities now require vaccination before the dog can be admitted.  The vaccine can be given via a squirt in the nose or injected under the skin, and yearly boosters are recommended to maintain immunity.

Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is a re-emerging disease of great importance in both rural and urban areas.  It thrives when the climate is warm and moist, and as a result, is most common in the spring and fall.  It is spread by contact with urine from infected “host species”, which can include: raccoons, skunks, mice, voles, cattle, and pigs.  Dogs can come into contact with contaminated urine in their environment in the form of water dishes, shallow ponds or puddles.  The disease can range from mild to fatal, often causing severe kidney failure and liver disease.  Furthermore, the organism is transmissible to humans, and care must be taken to ensure all areas of possible contamination be disinfected.  Vaccination for dogs with potential exposure is recommended because of the serious illness associated with this disease.

Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme Disease)
Lyme Disease is transmitted by the Deer Tick (Ixodes scapularis) that carries the organism in endemic areas.  Signs of disease include arthritis, enlarged lymph nodes, and fever.  Behavrioural changes and neurological signs may also be observed, including seizures.  Consult your veterinarian to find out if Lyme Disease is important in your area, or if you are traveling to an endemic area with your dog.

Make sure to give your dog a nice treat when he gets home, like beef trachea, after a long hard day of injections! He sure is going to appreciate it.

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